ASF in Morocco

Location: Rabat 1st ASF project in Morocco: 2013 Team: 2 collaborators Contact: mar-cp@asf.be

Context

The Arab springs have been the source of major changes in the southern Mediterranean region, but Morocco did not experience social movements on the scale of those that emerged in Tunisia or Algeria in the early 2010s. Despite this, Morocco adopted a new – and more liberal – constitution in 2011 and encouraging legislative reforms, presenting itself on the regional and international scenes as a state strongly committed to the democratic process and reforms in terms of rule of law.

However, in spite of this new constitution, these new legislations and the ratification of the main international human rights instruments, the Moroccan population can’t today effectively and fully exercise the rights enshrined in these different texts. The Constitution enshrines for example the principle of equality between men and women as a fundamental principle, but civil society still does not witness the expected changes on the ground and the country is struggling to effectively fight gender-based violence and discrimination.

Conditions of justice and human rights

In Morocco, the rate of incarceration remains very high (237 detainees per 100 000 inhabitants). Approximately 88.000 people are detained, of whom nearly 45% are awaiting trial, while the country’s prisons have a capacity of around 53.000 detainees (which represents a prison overcrowding of 156%).

Detainees sentenced to terms of up to 2 years, for minor offences, account for half of the total population and young men aged between 20 and 30 years are over-represented (45%).

Prison terms are also a “double punishment” because they not only contribute to structural overcrowding in prisons and poor conditions, but also have negative consequences for detainees and their families, especially the poorest. Detention systematically leads to a loss of income and employment, and further impoverishes already vulnerable households.

The “Charter for the Reform of the Legal system”, adopted in 2013, is struggling to deliver convincing results, considering that the long-awaited revisions of the Criminal Procedure Code and the Penal Code to bring them into compliance with the new Constitution have not yet been made. The Covid-Sars2 pandemic has multiplied repressive episodes, with more than 90.000 citizen arrests recorded in 2020, triggering prosecutions, condemnations and, ultimately, incarcerations which further clog already overcrowded prisons.

ASF’s strategy in Morocco

ASF wants to assist Moroccan civil society in its fight to contribute to a plural, democratic and egalitarian Morocco, that respects humans rights and is based on the principles of social justice and sustainable development. To this end, ASF supports the legal empowerment of justice seekers in situation of vulnerability in their claims and the realisation of their rights, relying on the interdisciplinarity of actors to ensure comprehensive support.

Projects

News

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